Glossary of Transliterated Terms

Many of the words you will see on this website are transliterations of the original Hebrew words found in the Biblical texts. Below we have provided a glossary of transliterations to common English translations you may be more familiar with. Go to the transliteration page to learn how to properly pronounce these Hebrew transliterations.


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Yahu’ah – יהוה -“The Existing One,” the NAME of Elohim, “Was, Is, Will Be”

Yeshua – “Salvation” The earthly NAME of the man who is the Son of G-d

Abadon – “Place of Destruction” [hell]

Abba – “Daddy/Father”

Adon – “Master”

Adonai – “My Master”, synonymous to יהוה

Adoneinu – “Our Master”

Adoni – “My master”

Akharit HaYamim – “The End of Days”

Argaman – “Royal Purple”

Aron – “Ark”

Asham – “Guilt Offering”

Asor – “Ten-stringed instrument”

Atik Yamim – “Ancient of Days”

Av – “Father”

Avi – “My Father”

Avi Sh’baShamayim – “My Father Who is in Heaven”

Avikhem – “Your Father” [‘your’ is plural]

Avinu – “Our Father”

Aviv – “First ripened barley” (in the ear, ripened grain, Springtime)

Aviv – “His Father”

Avone – “iniquity” (guilt or punishment)

Ayish – a constellation, possibly Arcturus

B’nei – “Sons of”

B’nei HaYitz’har – “Sons of the The Glistening/Pressed One”, Two men with special anointing seen in Zekhar-Yah 4:14, probably alluding to the Two Prophets in Hitgalut

B’ni – “My Son”

B’reshit – “Genesis”

B’sorah – “Declared Good News” (gospel)

B’sorot – “Gospels” (referring to the first four books of the Brit Khadashah)

Baht – “bath”

BaMidbar – “Numbers”

Barukh Haba B’Shem יהוה – “Blessed is He who comes in the Name of יהוה ”

Beit – “House”

Beit HaElohim – “The House of G-d”

Beit HaMikdash – “The Set Apart House”

Ben – “Son (of)”

Ben Adam – “A Son of Man”

Ben Ha’Abadon – “The Son of Perdition” where ‘Abadon’ is the place of the dead. Sheker HaMashiakh (the antichrist)

Ben HaAdam – “The Son of Man”

Ben HaElohim – “The Son of G-d”

Ben HaElohim HaYakhid – “The Beloved [unified] Son of G-d”

Ben HaMevorakh – “The Son of the Blessed One”

Bikkurim – “First Fruits”

Bli’ya’al – “Chief of Demons” base/worthless fellows

Brit – “Covenant” [firm agreement sealed with blood]

Brit Khadashah – “Renewed Covenant” known by some as the New Testament

D’resh – Second of four levels of meaning of the Hebrew scriptures. Comparative seeking, isolated verses that relate to one another.

D’varim – “Deuteronomy”

D’vir – “The Holy Place” [in front of most holy place, where the Menorah stands]

Dani’el – “Daniel”

Davar/D’var – “WORD”

Derekh – “WAY” [pseudonym for Torah]

Divrei HaYamim Alef – “1st Chronicles”

Divrei HaYamim Bet – “2nd Chronicles”

Dror – “liberty”

Dudayim – “Mandrakes” [plants used for stimulation/fertility]

Eden – “Paradise”

Efisim – “Ephesians”

Eikha – “Lamentations”

Eirvah – “sexual impurity” of various kinds, in VaYikra 18

eirvat davar – “sexually impure thing” any of the various sexually impure behaviors

Eisteir – “Esther”

Ekhad – “One/Unified”

El – “G-d”

El Kana – “G-d of Jealousy”

Eli – “My G-d”

Eloha – “Elohim” [G-d, also in Aramaic]

Elohai – “My Elohim”

Elohei Tzuri – “God of My Rock”

Elohim – “G-d the Creator”

Elyon – “Most High”

Emet – “Truth”

Emunah – “trusting belief’/absolute trust” (firm belief founded on truth)

Etz HaKhayim – “The Tree of Life”, an allusion to Torah, and to Messiah’s stake Gadol – “Great”

Ezrah – “Ezra”

Filimon – “Philemon”

Filipim – “Philippians”

Gadol – “Great”

Galatim – “Galatians”

Gan Eden – “Garden of Paradise”

Go’el – “Redeemer”

Goyim – “Nations”, “Gentiles” [non-Israel]

Guf – “Body” [can mean ‘essence,’ but there is an ancient, Jewish idea of a Guf that is a unified spiritual body; seems to allude to the “Body of Messiah” at times, and both to ‘The First Adam’ and ‘The Last Adam’; in ‘Adam’ everyone dies, in Messiah (Yeshua) everyone lives]

Ha/ha – [as a prefix to any word] “The” [specific article]

HaAsif – “The Ingathering”

HaAv – “The Father”

HaBa’it – “The House”

HaBen – “The Son”

HaDavar יהוה – “The Word of יהוה ”

HaEmet – “The Truth” [a name for Torah and For Gospel]

Haftarah – “parting” (weekly parashot readings from the prophets)

HaKatzir – “The Harvest”

HaKhayim – “The Life” [a name for Torah]

HaKodesh – “The Set Apart” [Ru’akh, Place before the Veil]

HaMalkhut HaElohim – “The Kingdom of God”

Har – “Mountain”

Har HaZetim – “The Mount of Olives”

Har Kodsho – “His Set-Apart Mountain”

HaSatan – “The Adversary”

HaSefer – “The Book”

HaSeh – “The Lamb”

HaShlikhim – “The Apostles”

HaTzarah HaG’dolah – “The Great Affliction” (Tribulation)

Havdalah – “separation” [especially between “light” and “dark” from B’reshit (Gen) 1:3-4. This also refers to a gathering together to close out the Sabbath in the evening after dark at the beginning of the week. We see an example of a Havdalah service in Ma’asei (Act) 20:7]

Heikhal – “Set Apart Room” (the ‘Holy Place’ in front of the ‘Most Holy Place’)

Hitgalut – “Revelation”

Hoshe’ah – “Hosea”

Huram HaTamid – “The continual burnt offering”

–im – suffix, plural masculine

Ir – “City”, referring to Yerushalayim and its various appellations

Ish Yemini – “Benjamite”

Ishon Ayin/Eino – “Little Man of the Eye/His Eye” (apple of the eye)

Ivrim – “Hebrews”

Iyov – “Job”

k’doshim – “set apart things”

K’doshim – “Set-apart ones”, sometimes “the Set-Apart One”

K’tuvim – “Writings” (referring to the books of the Tanakh other than HaTorah and HaNevi’im to include Tehillim [Psalms] and Mishlei [Proverbs] )

Kadosh – “Set apart” (holy)

Kadosh HaK’doshim – “The Most Holy Place”

Kadosh La’ יהוה – “Holy to יהוה ”

Kanaf – “Corner/hem/wing”

Kaporet – “Atonement Cover” [on the Aron]

Karban – “Set apart gift” (offering)

Karoz – “Herald”

Kavod – “Glorious Presence”

Kefa Alef – “1st Peter”

Kefa Bet – “2nd Peter”

Kehunah – the priesthood

Keruv/im – “Close One/s” Ministering beings that hover over His Throne

Kesil – “a constellation”, possibly Orion

Khabakuk – “Habbakuk”

Khag – “Pilgrim Feast” [Any of three, when all are required in Yerushalayim, Pesakh, Shavu’ot, Sukkot]

Khagai – “Haggai”

Khai – “Living/Life”

Khametz – “Leavened bread”

Khasid – “Devout One”

Khata – “to miss” (go wrong or sin)

Khata’ah/Khatat – “Sin Offering”

Khayei Olam – eternal life, the gift given after trusting in Messiah

Khayim – “Life”

Khazak! Khazak! V’nit’khazek! – “Be Strong! Be Strong! Let Us Strengthen Ourselves!”

Kheder – “Bridegroom’s chamber/room”

Khesed – “compassion”

Khodesh – “renewed crescent of the moon” (month concept)

Khok – “unprecedented statute”

Khorev – “Sinai” [another name for the Mountain]

Khoshekh – “darkness”

Khozeh – “Seer” [one who sees a vision]

Khuppah – “canopy over the marriage”

Ki’or – “Basin/Laver/’Sea’ in the Court of Yisra’el outside the Mishkan”

Kimah – a constellation, possibly Pleiades

Kineti – “I am zealous”

Kinor – “harp”

Kodesh – “set apart” (holiness)

Kodesh HaKadashim – “Most Holy Place”, behind the Parokhet

Kohelet – “Ecclesiastes”

Kohen – “Intermediary/Minister” (priest)

Kohen HaGadol – “High Priest”

Kolosim – “Colossians”

Korinti’im Alef – “1st Corinthians”

Korinti’im Bet – “2nd Corinthians”

Lapidot – “Lamps” or “Torches” [like those used at Havdalah]

Lekhem – “Bread”

Lekhem HaMa’arakhet – “Bread of The Presentation”

Lekhem HaPanim – “Bread of the Presence”

Luka – “Luke”

Ma’arekhet Tamid – “Continual Presentation [of Bread]”

Ma’asei HaShlikhim – “Acts of the Apostles”

Magen – “Shield”

Malakh/im – “Messenger/s” (spirit being like a man, dispatched from Elohim to do his bidding)

Malakhi – “Malakai”

Malkhut – “Kingdom of”

Malkhuto – “His Kingdom”

Mamlekhet – “Kingdom of”

Mashakh – “Anoint”

Mashal – “Proverb” – also prophecy, esp. of Bilam

Mashi’akh – “Messiah” (Anointed One)

Matti – “Matthew”

Matzah/ot – “Unleavened Bread”

Mavet – “Power of Death”, spiritual death, kingdom of HaSatan, contrasted against “Khayim”, physical death

Mazarot – “Plan of the Stars” [ancient, divine interpretations of stellar symbols]

Melakhim Alef – “1st Kings”

Melakhim Bet – “2nd Kings”

Melekh – “King”

Menorah – “Seven-branched Candelabra”

Merorim – “Bitter Herbs”

Mikdash – “Set-Apart Place/House” (The whole main building)

Mikhah – “Micah”

Mikra/Mikrei Kodesh – “Set-Apart Calling Out [assembly/s]” / “Rehearsal”

Minkhah – “Meal Offering”

Mishkan – “Tent of Meeting”, Place of the Presence of Elohim

Mishlei Shlomo – “Proverbs”

Mitzrayim – “Egypt”

Mitzvah – “Commandment”

Mizbe’akh – “Altar”

Mizbe’akh HaOlah – “Altar of burnt offerings”

Mizbe’akh Ketoret – “Altar of incense”

Mizmor – “Song”

Mo’ed – “Appointed Time”, see VaYikra 23

Mo’edim – “Appointed Times”

Moshe – “Moses”

Moshi’einu – “Our Savior”

Moshiah – “Savior”

Mot – “Death”

Nakhum – “Nahum”

Navi – “Prophet”

Nedavah – “Gift Offering” (freewill)

Neder – “Vow”

Nekhem-Yah – “Nehemiah”

Ner – “lamp”

Ner Tamid – “Eternal lamp”

Nesekh – “drink offerings”

Neshamah – “Essence of Life” [spiritual]

Netinim – Servants to the Kohanim, non-Levites

Nevel – “stringed instrument”

Nevi’im – “Prophets”

Nevu’ah – “prophecy”

Nevu’ot – “Prophecies”

Norah – “Terrible/Awesome”

–ot – suffix, plural feminine

Ohel – “Tent”

Ohel Mo’ed – “Tent of Appointed Meeting”

Okhez HaKol – “Mightiest of All”

Olah/Olot – “Burnt Offering/s”

Olam – “forever”

Omer – “Sheaf/Bundle”

Omer Reishit – “The First Omer” of ‘bikkurim’/firstfruits

Ore – “Light”

Ovad-Yah – “Obadiah”

P’lishtim – “Philistines”

Parokhet – “Veil” of the temple, in front of the Ark/Most Holy Place

Parush/P’rushim – “Pharisee/s”

Pavlos – “Paul” – Sha’ul, a dual citizen of Yisra’el and Rome, kept two names, Sha’ul, and a ‘roman’ version of it, Pavlos, “Also called Pavlos” [Ma’asei 13:9]

Pesakh – “Passover”

Peshat – First of four levels of meaning of the Hebrew scriptures. Plain or ‘simple’ meaning.

Petil – “Thread” of the tzit-tzit and crown of the Kohen HaGadol (High Priest)

Rabbi – “My Great One” [teacher]

Rafah/Rofeikha – “Healer/Your healer”

Rakham – “mercy”

Rav – “Great”

Remez – Second of four levels of meaning of the Hebrew scriptures. A hint, an ‘implied’ secondary meaning.

Ro’eh – “Seer” [a prophet]

Romim – “Romans”

Ru’akh HaEmet – “The Spirit of Truth”

Ru’akh HaKodesh – “Set apart Breath/Spirit” (Holy Spirit)

Ruut – “Ruth”

Salvation – capitalised to show a form of “Yeshua”

Sar HaKhayim – “Prince of Life”

Se’or – “a piece of leavened dough”

Sefer – “Book”

Sefer HaKhayim Shel HaSeh – “The Book of Life of The Lamb”

Sefer Kritut – “certificate of cutting off” [divorce papers]

Seh – “Lamb”

Sh’lamim – “Peace Offering”

Sh’mini Atzeret – The Eighth Festivity (of Sukkot)

Sha’ar Beit – “gate house”

Sha’arei – “Gates Of”

Shabbat – “Sabbath” (7th day of the week now reckoned as Saturday, though it starts on Friday night and ends after sundown on Saturday night)

Shabbaton – “High Sabbath” (A commanded ‘day of rest’ associated with a Mo’ed that may be different than the regular weekly sabbath; treated as a Sabbath)

Shalom – “Peace” [having everything, complete]

Shamayim – “Heaven”

Shammash – “Servant” (the term often translated as ‘deacon,’ ie a servant of the Congregation of Messiah appointed through smikha)

Shavu’ot – “Weeks”

She’ol – “Place of the dead” (hell)

Sheker HaMashiakh – “False Messiah” (the antichrist)

Shema – “Hear”, but more precisely, ‘hear and do’, intent listening to affect a response

Shemot – “Exodus”

Shir HaShirim – “Song of Songs”

Shir/ot – “Song/s”

Shivat Yamim – “Seven Days” of Sukkot

Shlikhim – “Apostles”

Shmu’el Alef – “1st Shmu’el”

Shmu’el Bet – ” 2nd Shmu’el”

Shofar – “Ram’s horn trumpet”

Shofar HaGadol – “The Great Shofar of Yom Kippur”

Shoftim – “Judges”

Shoshanah – “lily”

Shulkhan – “table”

Simkhat Torah – “Rejoicing in the Torah”

Smikha – “Laying on” [of hands], lean against

Sod – a scriptural mystery ‘hidden’ in plain sight, usually pertaining to Mashi’akh and B’sorah. Rooted in ‘foundation’ and ‘counsel’, ie ‘revealed will’.

Sofer/Sofrim – “Scribe/s”

Sukka – “Booth”

Sukkot – “Booths”, the last Mo’ed of Elohim

Tahor – “clean, pure”

Talita, kumi – “Little girl, rise up”

Talmid/im – “Torah Student/s”, someone who has taken a Rabbi under whom to study Torah

Tamid – “Perpetual”, ‘always’

Tanakh – The holy scriptures [HaDavar יהוה] that were written prior to the coming of Yeshua, used by the Jews and known by some as the Old Testament.

Tefilah – “Prayer” [supplication, plea]

Tehillah – “Praise” (psalm)

Tehillim – “Psalms”

Tekhelet – “Blue” [the special, ‘sky blue’ of the tzit-tzit “Petil”, and of the robe of the Kohen HaGadol (High Priest)]

Teko’ah – “a particular blast”

Tenufah – “Wave Offering”

Teru’ah – BLAST [of the shofar] SHOUT

Terumat HaKodesh – “offering of the Holy”

Teshuvah – “Return to Torah” (repentance)

Tessalonikim Alef – “1st Thessalonians”

Tessalonikim Bet – “2nd Thessalonians”

Timoteus Alef – “1st Timothy”

Timoteus Bet – “2nd Timothy”

Todah – “Thanksgiving”

Tola’at Shani – “Scarlet” [made from the Tola’at worm, which dies its young, which are born white, in its blood when they are born, turning them scarlet red]

Torah – “Instruction” (law); First five books of the Tanakh also known as The Books of Moshe

Tzadik – “Righteous One” [who works righteousness]

Tzadikim – “Righteous ones”

Tzal-Mavet – “Shadow of Death”, the approach of “Mavet”

Tzedaka – “Righteous Works”

Tzefan-Yah – “Zephaniah”

Tzion – “Parched/dry place” Yerushalayim

Urim V’tumim – “Lights and Manifestations”

V’Shamru – “Observe it or Anticipate it” (as in the Shabbat)

VaYikra – “Leviticus”

Y’hudah – “Judea”

Y’hudim – “The Jewish Religious Class”

Ya’akov – “James”

Yahu’ah – יהוה – “The Existing One,” the NAME of Elohim, “Was, Is, Will Be”

Yam Suf – “Red Sea”

Yamim Nora’im – “Terrible Days” (Tribulation)

Yehoshua – “Joshua”

Yehudah – “Jude”

Yekhezkel – “Ezekiel”

Yerushalayim – “Shalom will be seen there” (Jerusalem)

Yesha-Yahu – “Isaiah”

Yeshua – “Salvation” The earthly NAME of the man who is the Son of G-d

Yeshua[h] – Salvation, a sod [revelation of mystery] of Yeshua

Yirme-Yahu – “Jeremiah”

Yisra’el – “Israel”

Yo’el – “Joel”

Yokhanan – “John”

Yokhanan Alef – “1st John”

Yokhanan Bet – “2nd John”

Yokhanan Gimel – “3rd John”

Yokhanan Markos – “Mark” whose Jewish name was Yokhanan; dual-citizen Jews kept a ‘gentile’ name and a Jewish name. Some Jews today still do this. “Also called Mark” [Ma’asei (Acts) 15:37]

Yom – “Day”

Yom HaDin – “Judgment Day, Yom Teru’ah”

Yom HaPedut – “The Day of Redemption, Yom Kippur”

Yom Kippur/HaKippurim – “The Day of the Atonements”

Yom Teru’ah – “The Day of the Awakening Blast”

Yom יהוה – “The Day of יהוה ” Yom Kippur [of His wrath, the 7th Millennium]

Yonah – “Jonah”

Z’kenim – “Elders”

Zaken – “Elder”

Zekhar-Yah – “Zechariah”

Zero’ah – “Arm”, prophetic reference to Yeshua

Zevakh – “Sacrifice”

Zevakh HaSh’lamim – “Sacrifice of peace-offering”

Zikaron – “Remembrance”


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