Glossary of Transliterated Terms

Yahu’ah – יהוה -“The Existing One,” the NAME of Elohim, “Was, Is, Will Be”

Yeshua – “Salvation” The earthly NAME of the man who is the Son of G-d

Abadon – “Place of Destruction” [hell]

Abba – “Daddy/Father”

Adon – “Master”

Adonai – “My Master”, synonymous to יהוה

Adoni – “My master”

Akharit HaYamim – “The End of Days”

Asham – “Guilt Offering”

Argaman – “Royal Purple”

Aron – “Ark”

Asor – “Ten-stringed instrument”

Ayish – a constellation, possibly Arcturus

Av – “Father”

Avi – “My Father”

Avikhem – “Your Father” [‘your’ is plural]

Avi Sh’baShamayim – “My Father Who is in Heaven”

Avinu – “Our Father”

Aviv – “His Father”

Aviv – “First ripened barley” (in the ear, ripened grain, Springtime)

B’nei – “Sons of”

B’ni – “My Son”

B’sorah – “Declared Good News” (gospel)

Barukh Haba B’Shem יהוה – “Blessed is He who comes in the Name of יהוה ”

Ben – “Son (of)”

Ben Adam – “A Son of Man”

Ben Ha’Abadon – “The Son of Perdition” where ‘Abadon’ is the place of the dead. Sheker HaMashiakh (the antichrist)

Ben HaAdam – “The Son of Man”

Ben HaElohim – “The Son of G-d”

Ben HaElohim HaYakhid – “The Beloved [unified] Son of G-d”

Ben HaMevorakh – “The Son of the Blessed One”

Beit – “House”

Beit HaElohim – “The House of G-d”

Beit HaMikdash – “The Set Apart House”

Bikkurim – “First Fruits”

B’nei HaYitz’har – “Sons of the The Glistening/Pressed One”, Two men with special anoint- ing seen in Zekhar-Yah 4:14, probably alluding to the Two Prophets in Hitgalut

Brit – “Covenant” [firm agreement sealed with blood] Brit Khadashah – “Renewed Covenant”

Davar/D’var – “WORD”

Derekh – “WAY” [pseudonym for Torah]

Dudayim – “Mandrakes” [plants used for stimulation/fertility]

D’vir – “The Holy Place” [in front of most holy place, where the Menorah stands]

Eden – “Paradise”

Ekhad – “One/Unified”

El – “G-d”

El Kana – “G-d of Jealousy”

Eli – “My G-d”

Eloha – “Elohim” [G-d, also in Aramaic]

Elohai – “My Elohim”

Elohim – “G-d the Creator”

Elyon – “Most High”

Emet – “Truth”

Emunah – “trusting belief’/absolute trust” (firm belief founded on truth)

Etz HaKhayim – “The Tree of Life”, an allusion to Torah, and to Messiah’s stake Gadol – “Great”

Gan Eden – “Garden of Paradise”

Go’el – “Redeemer”

Goyim – “Nations”, “Gentiles” [non-Israel]

Guf – “Body” [can mean ‘essence,’ but there is an ancient, Jewish idea of a Guf that is a unified spiritual body; seems to allude to the “Body of Messiah” at times, and both to ‘The First Adam’ and The Last Adam’; in ‘Adam’ everyone dies, in Messiah (Yeshua) everyone lives]

Ha/ha – [as a prefix to any word] “The” [specific article]

HaAsif – “The Ingathering”

HaBa’it – “The House”

HaEmet – “The Truth” [a name for Torah and For Gospel]

HaKatzir – “The Harvest”

HaKhayim – “The Life” [a name for Torah]

HaKodesh – “The Set Apart” [Ru’akh, Place before the Veil]

HaSatan – “The Adversary”

HaSefer – “The Bood”

HaSeh – “The Lamb”

HaTzarah HaG’dolah -“The Great Affliction” (Tribulation)

Har – “Mountain”

Har Kodsho – “His Set-Apart Mountain”

Har HaZetim – “The Mount of Olives”

Heikhal – “Set Apart Room” (the ‘Holy Place’ in front of the ‘Most Holy Place”)-im – suffix, plural masculine

Ishon Ayin – “Little Man of the Eye” (apple of the eye)

Ish Yemini – “Benjamite”

Kadosh – “Set apart” (holy)

Kadosh HaK’doshim – “The Most Holy Place”

Kanaf – “Corner/hem/wing”

Kaporet – “Atonement Cover” [on the Aron]

Karban – “Set apart gift” (offering)

Karoz – “Herald”

Kavod – “Glorious Presence”

K’dsohim – “set apart things”

K’doshim – “Set-apart ones”, sometimes “the Set-Apart One”

Keruv/im – “Close One/s” Ministering beings that hover over His Throne

Kesil – “a constellation”, possibly Orion

Kehunah – the priesthood

Khag – “Pilgrim Feast” [Presence required in Yerushalayim]

Khai – “Living/Life”

Khametz – “Leavened bread”

Khasid – “Devout One”

Khata’ah/Khatat – “Sin Offering”

Khayim – “Life”

Khazak! Khazak! V’nit’khazek! – “Be Strong! Be Strong! Let Us Strenghten Ourselves!”

Kheder – “Bridegroom’s chamber/room”

Khesed – “compassion”

Khodesh – “renewed crescent of the moon” (month concept)

Khok – “unprecedented statute”

Khorev – “Sinai” [another name for the Mountain]

Khozeh – “Seer” [one who sees a vision]

Khuppah – “canopy over the marriage”

Kimah – A constallation, possibly Pleiades

Ki’or – “Basin/Laver/’Sea’ in the Court of Yisra’el outside the Mishkan”

Kinor – “harp”

Kodesh – “set apart” (holiness)

Kohen – “Intermediary/Minister” (priest)

Kohen HaGadol – “High Priest”

Lapidot – “Lamps,” “Torches” [like those used at Havdalah]

Lekhem – “Bread”

Lekhem HaMa’arakhet – “Bread of The Presentation”

Lekhem HaPanim – “Bread of the Presence”

Ma’arekhet Tamid – “Continual Presentation [of Bread]”

Magen – “Shield”

Malakh/im – “Messenger/s” (spirit being like a man, dispatched from Elohim to do his bidding)

Malkhut – “Kingdom of”

Malkhuto – “His Kingdom”

Mamlekhet – “Kingdom of”

Mashal – “Proverb”

Mashi’akh – “Messiah” (Anointed One)

Matzah/ot – “Unleavened Bread”

Mavet – “Power of Death”

Mazarot – “Plan of the Stars” [ancient, divine interpretations of stellar symbols]

Melekh – “King”

Menorah – “Seven-branched Candelabra”

Merorim – “Bitter Herbs”

Mikdash – “Set-Apart Place/House” (The whole main building)

Mikra Kodesh – “Set-Apart Calling Out [assembly]” / “Rehearsal”

Minkhah – “Meal Offering”

Mitzvah – “Commandment”

Mizbe’akh – “Altar”

Mizbe’akh HaOlah – “Altar of burnt offerings”

Mizbe’akh Ketoret – “Altar of incense”

Mizmor – “Song”

Mo’ed – “Appointed Time”

Moshiah – “Savior”

Moshi’einu – “Our Savior”

Neder – “Vow”

Nedavah – “Gift Offering” (freewill)

Ner – “lamp”

Ner Tamid – “Eternal lamp”

Neshama – “Essence of Life” [spiritual]

Netinim – Servants to the Kohanim, non-Levites

Nevel – “stringed instrument”

Nevu’ah – “prophecy”

Norah – “Terrible/Awesome”-ot – suffix, plural feminine

Ohel – “Tent”

Ohel Mo’ed – “Tent of Appointed Meeting”

Okhez HaKol – “Mightiest of All”

Olah/Olot – “Burnt Offering/s”

Omer – “Sheaf/Bundle”

Pavlos – “Paul” – Sha’ul, a duel citizen of Yisra’el and Rome, kept two names, Sha’ul, and a ‘roman’ version of it, Pavlos, “Also called Pavlos” [Ma’asei 13:9]

Pesakh – “Passover”

Petil – “Thread” of the tzit-tzit and crown of the Kohen HaGadol (High Priest)

P’lishtim – “Philistines”

Rafah/Rofeikha – “Healer/Your healer”

Rakham – “mercy”

Rav – “Great”

Rabbi – “My Great One” [teacher]

Reishit Omer – “The First Omer of Bikkurim”

Ro’eh – “Seer” [a prophet]

Ru’akh HaEmet – “The Spirit of Truth”

Ru’akh HaKodesh – “Set apart Breath/Spirit” (Holy Spirit)

Salvation – capitalised to show a form of “Yeshua”

Sefer – “Book”

Sefer HaKhayim Shel HaSeh – “The Book of Life of HaSeh”

Sefer Kritut – “certificate of cutting off” [divorce papers]

Seh – “Lamb”

Se’or – “a piece of leavened dough”

Sha’arei – “Gates Of”

Shalom – “Peace” [having everything, complete]

Shamayim – “Heaven”

Shavu’ot – “Weeks”

She’ol – “Place of the dead” (hell)

Sheker HaMashiakh – “False Messiah” (the antichrist)

Shema – “Hear”, but more precisely, ‘hear and do’, intent listening to affect a response

Shemini Atzeret – The Eighth Festivity (of Sukkot)

Shir/ot – “Song/s”

Sh’lamim – “Peace Offering”

Shulkhan – “table”

Shofar – “Ram’s horn trumpet”

Shofar HaGadol – “The Great Shofar of Yom Kippur”

Shoshanah – “lily”

Sofer/Sofrim – “Scribe/s”

Sukka – “Booth”

Sukkot – “Booths”

Talita, kumi – “Little girl, rise up”

Talmid – “Torah Student”

Tefilah – “Prayer” [supplication, plea]

Tehillah – “Praise” (psalm)

Tekhelet – “Blue” [the special, ‘sky blue’ of the tzit-tzit “Petil”, and of the robe of the Kohen HaGadol (High Priest)]

Tenufah – “Waive Offering”

Teru’ah – BLAST [of the shofar] SHOUT

Teshuvah – “Return to Torah” (repentance)

Todah – “Thanksgiving”

Tola’at Shani – “Scarlet” [made from the Tola’at worm, which dies its young, which are born white, in its blood when they are born, turning them scarlet red]

Torah – “Instruction” (law)

Tzadik – Righteous One [who works righteousness]

Tzadikim – Righteous ones

Tzalmavet – “Shadow of Death”

Tzedaka – “Righteous Works”

Tzion – “Parched/dry place” Yerushalayim

Urim V’tumim “Lights and Manifestations”

Y’huda – “Judea”

Y’hudim – “The Jewish Religious Class”

Yam Suf – “Red Sea”

Yamim Nora’im – ‘Terrible Days’/ tribulation

Yerushalayim – “Shalom will be seen there” (Jerusalem)

Yeshua[h] – Salvation, a sod [revelation of mystery] of Yeshua

Yokhanan Markos – Mark, whose Jewish name was Yokhanan; duel-citizen Jews kept a ‘gen- tile’ name and a Jewish name. Some Jews today still do this. “Also called Mark” [Ma’asei 15:37]

Yom – Day

Yom יהוה – “The Day of יהוה ”

Yom Kippur [of His wrath, the 7th Millineum]

Yom Kippur/im – “The Day of Atonement/s”

Yom HaKippurim – “The Day of the Atonements”

Yom HaDin – “Judgment Day, Yom Teru’ah”

Yom HaPedut – “The Day of Redemption, Yom Kippur”

Yom Teru’ah – “The Day of the Awakening Blast”

Zaken – “Elder”

Z’kenim – “Elders”

Zikaron – “Remembrance”

Zevakh – “Sacrifice”

Zevakh HaSh’lamim – “Sacrifice of peace-offering”